Diabetes in Older Adults

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease characterized by alterations in the levels of blood sugar due to an inability of the body to process lainsulina. So says the American Diabetes Association. It is the third leading cause of death among people aged between 65 and 74 years. According to Dr. Francisco Navarro in his doctoral thesis on insulin dependent diabetes mellitus in the elderly, diabetes is the most common endocrine-metabolic syndrome in geriatrics pose a serious health problem in the elderly, because of its high prevalence and greater impact on the personal, social and family life than in youth.

Infographics from: newremedioscaseros.com/para-la-diabetes

Considering that life expectancy going around constantly rising, it should consider all measures to be alive with a good performance status.

Diabetes of the elderly and senile diabetes

Speaking of the disease in older people is important to clarify that there are two names depending on the situation:

1. The diabetes of the elderly is one that was previously known to the patient, possibly from their youth or adulthood. This is called Type 1 Diabetes

2. The senile diabetes is what appears after age 65. Called Type 2 diabetes.

The numbers of diabetics in the world increases every day

“In the United States there are over 12.2 million people aged 60 and older who have been diagnosed with diabetes and the number of cases is increasing every year.” This was reported Sara Aguilar and José Ávila in his study of diabetes and time, published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation. Alarmingly, forty percent (40%) of people with diabetes do not know they have this syndrome.

The prevalence of diabetes increases with age (up to age 75 increases and begins to decline after 80) and it is estimated that by 2030 reaches forty percent (40%). But most who have diabetes do not require insulin.

Causes of diabetes

It is considered that there is a high probability that the rise in diabetes cases was due to changes in lifestyle, especially eating habits associated with this disease because obesity in the case of the elderly. In Mexico, a study found that 31% of diabetic patients had overweight.

Other factors include decreased insulin secretion with the age, increased insulin resistance, aging, drug intake and lack of exercise.

Diabetes Symptoms

If you or a family member has these symptoms, contact your doctor immediately:

1. Frequent urinary urgency.

Two. It is thirsty all day.

Three. Hungry.

April. Weight loss.

May. Fatigue.

6. Suffering from infections. (Even if they are in gum, bladder and skin)

7. Blurred vision.

8. Wounds and bruises that are slow to heal.

We must pay close attention because sometimes older people have different ways of expressing our discomfort. Apart from the symptoms mentioned above, we must be careful with depression, inappetence or voracious intake and irritability.

Many people have no symptoms. That is relevant annual review.

Diagnosis of diabetes in older adults

diabetes info

The evaluation criteria used for the elderly are the same as for the rest of the population. It is an evaluation by the bioanalyst a blood sample taken in the laboratory and an oral glucose tolerance. In extreme cases detected for hypoglycemia (low blood sugar levels) for deep dehydration.

However, Dr. Maria G. Sanzana, in a study published on the treatment of diabetes in the elderly, explains that there are different profile of glucose greater: The glucose tolerance should be fasting as these levels increase with age when they have food ingested before clinical studies.

Complications of diabetes

Diabetes can lead to other problems such as functional and cognitive impairment, depression, diabetic foot, kidney affections, neuropathies, decreased vision, stroke, heart disease, erectile dysfunction and shoulder periarthritis.

How to manage diabetes?

Older people are a heterogeneous group for the treatment of diabetes, so his speech is individualized. The diabetes management is everyone’s business, as the doctor should be involved, the elderly and their families. In a publication entitled “Nutrition and diabetes in the elderly,” advised the information to the patient as a starting point. You know what diabetes and the resources available for treatment is, the same poses for his caretaker.

Second order of importance, the eating habits should change. Some doctors say that if you do a complete reversal of obesity, could be eliminated type 2 diabetes. It is essential a personalized diet.

It is also the necessary physical activity. Which is curious comment because this is not only fit for suffering from diabetes but for every human being. Exercise mobilizes fats accumulate in the blood, stimulates circulation and enhances insulin effect.

Last but not least, the medication based insulin and oral agents, depending on the case. Also, you should make a glycemic control regularly.

At the American Diabetes Association there is a free program that takes the patient’s hand with diabetes, to learn to live with this condition. I guess if you are not in the United States do not know receive text messages, but your email can receive information, healthy recipes and online support opportunities.

Zumba Dance Fitness

Zumba is a fitness movement or discipline of Colombian origin , focusing on the one hand to maintain a healthy body and the other to develop, strengthen and give flexibility to the body through dance movements combined with a series of aerobic routines . Zumba routines used within the main Latin American rhythms such as salsa, merengue, cumbia, reggaeton and samba. Each session of Zumba , you can burn 800 calories. Thanks to this you can have a more toned body.

zumba dance

The Zumba Dance is recommended from age 12.

More about zumba fitness dance at www.zumbalice.com

Orígines of zumba

The word comes from Colombian idiom ” rumba ” word that large numbers of Colombians refer to the party. In an unknown process of appropriation of the term, its use spread throughout Colombia .

Zumba is a franchise or trade name that represents an aerobic activity for targeted classes, using steps similar style and music to Latin American rhythms . A session of Zumba is succession of songs totaling 60 minutes of class . To develop the exercises , take advantage of the structure of the song ( verse , chorus , instrumental, etc. . ) , Thus consistency to “dance” is given and makes it more entertaining. It uses a ” Choreographed Freestyle ” as a teaching method . Each taught structure is repeated during one song sequence , alternating with other sequences and repeats when these are equal.

For example : We can do a combination of steps and go in the chorus repeating the duration and each occurrence of this refrain . Like any exercise of moderate intensity – high calorie burn and intensity is measured by the choreographic factors and dedication of the performer . The success of Zumba is given mainly by investments in advertising and marketing, because since the beginning of aerobics has been used as an element in this style classes . Schools that do not use the Zumba have used other unregistered activities as “Latino aerobics” , “latin rhythms ” etc. . We must distinguish the given classes in freestyle choreographed the style of choreographed . Although both can be used at the same meeting , the first alternating steps during a period , repeating in certain sequences, but without involving choreography.

According to the Puntofape site, the zumba dance does not increase the strength or anything musculature also the low- coordinated find it difficult to follow the choreography ( Puntofape , 2011).

According to the same site , by zumba calories burned, but none of those sources says this provides a valid test ( statistical sample ) that Zumba really help to lose or control weight. Its name comes from the verb ” buzz ” (synonym of vibrate ) , thus making reference to the vibrations that are experienced throughout the body to make the necessary moves.

My 2010 Diabetes Recreation Blog